http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - There's been a "Life Pro Tip" going around the internet lately saying that the numbers on toaster dials are actually minutes. I was so sure it was false. Oh, I was so sure. I got four toasters set to "2", and I had one take to film it all in a back room at my office. This is that one take. Thanks to Dan W (@iamdanw) on camera and Jonty (@jonty) on toaster-wrangling! UPDATE: Dominic points out in the comments that modern toasters may not use bi-metallic strips: "the 'old/basic' way of doing this. What happens in more modern toasters is a capacitor is charged through a variable resistor. Once a specific voltage is reached in the capacitor it cuts off. The knob controls the variable resistor charging the capacitor." Thanks!
Views: 2547785 Tom Scott
There's a reason music videos look strange. I could just talk about framerate, cuts and continuity... or I could get an actual music video director. And a leaf blower. Directed by: Sammy Paul https://twitter.com/icoepr Produced by: Cambria Bailey-Jones https://twitter.com/cambriabailey Guy Larsen https://twitter.com/thisisguido Director of Photography: Ciaran O'Brien https://twitter.com/ciaranobrien Featuring: dodie https://youtube.com/doddleoddle Dancers: Deepraj Singh Annie Fox Leanne Vincent Liam Wallace Production Design: Guy Larsen Gaffer: Christine Alexander Camera Assistant: Rachel Hutchings Editor: Sammy Paul Colour grade: Ciaran O'Brien Runner: Jenna Bailey-Jones Extras: Michelle Martin Gianluca Suppa Xina Jailey Special thanks to: Grant Stevens Bob Stevens Jenny Stevens Matt Parker Maths Gear http://www.mathsgear.co.uk YouTube Space London and the team A Penny4 Production https://www.penny4.co.uk/ Maths Gear didn't actually pay for product placement in this video. The dice were surprisingly painful. I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 1823900 Tom Scott
http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - There aren't many paternoster lifts left in the world: they're inaccessible, tough to maintain and a bit more dangerous than a regular lift. But some of them still exist: so if you're ever nearby, do stop by the University of Sheffield's Arts Tower and have a ride up and down. Just don't go over the top. Thanks to Chris Dymond, who was my camera operator for this trip to Sheffield!
Views: 976456 Tom Scott
In a cemetery in Huelva, in Spain, is the grave of Major William Martin, of the British Royal Marines. Or rather, it's the grave of a man called Glyndwr Michael, who served his country during World War 2 in a very unexpected way... after his death. Camera by Paul Curry (@cr3) I'm at http://tomscott.com on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo This video was researched at the National Archives, using files WO 106/5921, CAB 154/67 and CAB 154/112. The documents and pictures you see here are either expired Crown Copyright, or are public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3/
Views: 790543 Tom Scott
http://tomscott.com - Or: what you see when you die. If you liked this, you may also enjoy two novels that provided inspiration for it: Jim Munroe's Everyone in Silico, where I first found the idea of a corporate-sponsored afterlife; and Rudy Rucker's trippy Postsingular, which introduced me to the horrifying idea of consciousness slums.
Views: 2652876 Tom Scott
Today's guest video is from Grady at Practical Engineering! Go subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/gradyhillhouse The Hyatt Regency Hotel collapse was a disaster that changed engineering: it's taught in colleges and universities as a way to make it clear: you check and double-check everything. Something that seems like a subtle change can cause a catastrophic failure if it's not thoroughly checked first!
Views: 1104472 Tom Scott
Thanks to the British Museum! Go help choose their first YouTube series: https://youtu.be/luXVd6M-wQM The Rosetta Stone is one of the most famous archaeological finds in history: and it was the key to cracking Egyptian hieroglyphics. And while it took scholars years to work it out, there was one clue in there that helped unlock everything that followed. After hours in the British Museum, I went to explain... TWITTER: http://twitter.com/tomscott FACEBOOK: http://twitter.com/tomscott INSTAGRAM: TWITTER: http://instagram.com/tomscottgo
Views: 620872 Tom Scott
I know, I know, it's a clickbait title. But I stand by it, because the water is so deceptive, and so pretty, and there's a path that leads straight down to it and that jump looks very, very possible... The 12th century legend is the "Boy of Egremont", immortalised in poetry by the famous William Wordsworth. His "The Force of Prayer" is about the Strid and the Boy of Egremont, and the full text is here: http://www.bartleby.com/145/ww342.html Also, I need to make one correction: I say "a hundred metres upstream", but that shot's actually about that far downstream. I couldn't fix that in post, but since the river's basically the same for a mile or so in each direction with no significant confluences, it's a small enough slip that I don't think it's too bad. The amount of water is the same! I'm at https://tomscott.com/ on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 2011034 Tom Scott
Your sports team wins. The confetti drops. And suddenly, the video quality falls apart. Why? Let's talk about interframe compression, bitrate, and unnecessary green screen effects. I'm at https://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as @tomscottgo You might also like: How Green Screen Worked Before Computers: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=msPCQgRPPjI This uses one Creative Commons by-attribution photo, "Sony Trinitron" by Antífama, available here: http://flic.kr/p/6DBMYn
Views: 3173185 Tom Scott
In Gävle, Sweden, every year they build Gävlebocken, an enormous traditional Swedish Christmas straw goat. And every year, someone tries to burn it down. Here's to holiday traditions. THANKS TO: Axel Wickman, @axelwickm on Twitter, for the post-burning photos of the goat from this morning! I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram and Snapchat as tomscottgo
Views: 574272 Tom Scott
Rue Canusa (or Canusa Avenue) is a street that's split in two by a border: the northern part is in Stanstead, Canada, and the southern part is in Derby Line, USA — and border crossings here aren't as easy as they used to be. Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 1486398 Tom Scott
http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - A guide for the newly empowered, courtesy of the Superhero Help Academic Foundation Trust, Education Division. Sure, you could jump a few places and fight crime: or you could take over the world. Thanks to YouTube Space London, who offered me time on their science lab set -- and thanks to Matt Gray (http://mattg.co.uk - @unnamedculprit) who directed the shots! Oh, and if you want to see teleportation in fiction done well, have a look at Steven Gould's Jumper series -- the later books really start playing around with physics in fun ways, like building a... well, I'll leave that for you to read. (Amazon UK affiliate cash-in link: http://amzn.to/1gYOEZx )
Views: 1191963 Tom Scott
http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - In a disused quarry at Harpur Hill, near Buxton, there's a bright blue lagoon. It looks like a perfect place to cool off in summer. And it is, if you enjoy skin irritation and fungal infections. But the strange thing is: I arrived expecting to find it black, not blue... Why do I talk about dark and lonely water, and about fools ignoring signs? Watch this, which terrified the children of 1973: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XNPMYRlvySY Thanks to Chris Dymond, who was my camera operator for this trip to Sheffield, and who also gave me a lift out to the middle of the Peak District to film the place!
Views: 869032 Tom Scott
Herman Sörgel wanted to create the largest civil engineering project the world has ever seen: a colossal dam across the Strait of Gibraltar, lowering the Mediterranean sea. There were, of course, a few problems with this. VFX by David 'Hoolopee' Post (http://youtube.com/hoolopee) Camera by Paul Curry (@cr3) I'm at http://tomscott.com on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 1289477 Tom Scott
At the Computer History Museum, in Mountain View, California, there sits a small teapot. It's the world's most famous teapot, after a computer graphics researcher called Martin Newell digitised it. You've probably seen it: here's its story. And thanks to the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California: you can visit them online here: http://www.computerhistory.org/ I'm at http://www.tomscott.com/ on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott and on Instagram and Snapchat as tomscottgo
Views: 690762 Tom Scott
High-frequency traders have a few tactics on stock exchanges: but simply put, they gather price information faster than anyone else, sometimes even faster than the markets themselves, and use that to make a tiny profit many, many, many times. There are all sorts of solutions: but it turns out there's a simpler one that involves physics. Thanks to Ronan and all the team at IEX - you can find out more about them here: https://iextrading.com/ or on Twitter at https://twitter.com/IEX I fact-checked Ronan's claim about the SEC white paper because it seemed a bit too good to be true, but he's right: see Hu, E. (2018). Intentional Access Delays, Market Quality, and Price Discovery: Evidence from IEX Becoming an Exchange. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://www.sec.gov/files/07feb18_hu_iex_becoming_an_exchange.pdf [PDF] Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 811439 Tom Scott
In the archives of Yale University, there's a 367-year-old bond from the water authority of Lekdijk Bovendams, in the Netherlands. And it's still paying interest. Thanks to: Prof. Geert Rouwenhorst for his time and explanation All the team at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) for editing the interview and Leendert van Egmond for telling me about the bond! I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 1539997 Tom Scott
Computers store text (or, at least, English text) as eight bits per character. There are plenty of more efficient ways that could work: so why don't we use them? And how can we fit more text into less space? Let's talk about Huffman coding, Huffman trees, and Will Smith. Thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Computing History: http://www.computinghistory.org.uk/ Thanks to Chris Hanel at Support Class for the graphics: http://supportclass.net Filmed by Tomek: https://youtube.com/tomek And thanks to my proofreading team! I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 641914 Tom Scott
http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - On a windy day in Gloucestershire, I find one of the few parts of the once top-secret GPSS aviation fuel pipeline (now called CLH-PS after privatisation) that pokes above ground, and explore the balance between secrecy and safety.
Views: 1027563 Tom Scott
Many people sent me this story: it covers my favourite topics of power grids and temporal anomalies. But when the mainstream press have already covered it, how could I add something more? The answer: by adding another pet topic, Unnecessary British Patriotism. And a teasmade. Press release: https://www.entsoe.eu/news-events/announcements/announcements-archive/Pages/News/2018-03-06-press-release-continuing-frequency-deviation-in-the-continental-european-power-system.aspx Teasmade: http://amzn.to/2oYrvxb [aff. link] Update, April 8th 2018: they fixed the dispute, and ran the grid at 50.01Hz for a few weeks: https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2018/04/european-grid-dispute-resolved-lost-6-minutes-returned-to-oven-clocks/ If you liked this, you may also like the video I made on how engineers keep the grid stable, and why it's getting more difficult: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5uz6xOFWi4A Audio mix by Matt Gray: http://mattg.co.uk I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 810613 Tom Scott
Go see William Osman's video about building the car! - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ZK_fnS62Lk and thanks to Michael Reeves for being a guinea pig: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtHaxi4GTYDpJgMSGy7AeSw/ We built a car that you drive with real-life video game lag, and used it for an ill-advised, mostly-unscientific experiment about motion sickness. In case it wasn't obvious: we did this in a private area away from public roads and other traffic, and I insisted on more safety checks than William and Michael would normally have. Don't try this unless you're doing the same! Edited by Elliot Gough Audio mix by Graham Haerther REFERENCES: Treisman, M. (1977). Motion sickness: an evolutionary hypothesis. Science, 197(4302), 493-495. doi: 10.1126/science.301659 Spinks, R. (2018). We still don’t understand motion sickness, but it’s likely to get worse in the digital age. Retrieved from https://qz.com/quartzy/1379653/we-still-dont-understand-motion-sickness-but-its-likely-to-get-worse-in-the-digital-age/ I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 399605 Tom Scott
http://tomscott.com - @tomscott - Things that can hurt you just by looking at them are science fiction and fantasy, right? Well, not quite. Inside Walt Disney World, home of the most terrible earworm known to humanity, I talk about the McCollough Effect.
Views: 4484434 Tom Scott
I thought about saying "secret patterns" or "mysterious patterns" in the title, but that'd be a lie: they're just mostly unknown! So let's talk about tactile paving, about design, about accessibility, and about those bumpy bits that you stand on when you're crossing a British street. // Thanks to Richard Holmes and the team from the RNIB! They're at http://rnib.org.uk, on YouTube at http://youtube.com/rnibuk and on Twitter at http://twitter.com/rnib ! The design manual is called Guidance on the Use of Tactile Paving Surfaces (Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions, 1998) [PDF]: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/289245/tactile-paving-surfaces.pdf Editor: Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) DoP / camera operator: Tomek (@tomek - http://youtube.com/tomek) I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 2226286 Tom Scott
http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - pull down for details of Ai Pioppi! In the foothills of the Dolomites, an hour or so north of Venice, lies Ai Pioppi, a restaurant that's home to an astonishing, giant, human-powered, kinetic-art theme park playground. It was designed and made by a man called Bruno over forty years, and it's free for folks who eat at the restaurant. I'll be honest: I sort of thought it was a myth. The idea of unattended, huge kinetic ride-on sculptures was surely false? There was some evidence: a very artfully-shot documentary, and some shaky tourist footage, but I couldn't quite believe that something this potentially dangerous could still exist. So on Easter weekend, when it was quiet, Paul (@cr3) and I took a road trip to try it. And it's real. It's very, very real. Watch as we try and take a somersault on the Bicycle of Death. And if you don't take the right amount of caution, it can hurt you -- although my eventual injury didn't come through any rides, but just by tripping over by running! AI PIOPPI: http://www.aipioppi.com/ Opening hours vary, closed most weekdays and all winter, check before travelling Via VIII Armata, 76, Nervesa della Battaglia TV, Italy Thank you so much to everyone at Ai Pioppi: I'm sorry for bleeding on your ride, and for pronouncing your restaurant's name terribly. Thanks to Paul, who drove me to the hospital; thanks to the doctors and nurses at Treviso Hospital, too. And Europeans: remember to take an EHIC card on holiday around Europe, so your healthcare travels with you. I didn't have to pay a penny or deal with travel insurance! And more than that: if you do go, and I recommend you do if you're ever anywhere near it: TAKE CARE. Even when you're on an adrenaline high and you think you're invincible. I wasn't. You won't be either. Hospital visits in a foreign language aren't fun!
Views: 2664116 Tom Scott
http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - There's a strange avenue of trees in Richmond Park, ten miles from St Paul's Cathedral; and an odd, wedge-shaped skyscraper in the city. At the New London Model, at the NLA Galleries at the Building Centre, I explain both of these. London is going vertical: but there are quite a few places where tall buildings aren't allowed, and here's why. Thanks to Dan W on camera, and to the team at the New London Model!
Views: 438808 Tom Scott
The mysterious YouTube algorithm. It's confused people for years, and will continue to do so. So why isn't YouTube more transparent? It used to be that they wouldn't tell anyone how it works - but now, it's that they can't. Let's talk about deep learning algorithms, neural networks, and search engine optimisation. CREDITS: Thanks to animator Matt Ley for the wonderful cartoon of me: https://www.youtube.com/user/Thelaserbearguy I put this together in three days, plus a day of checking and proofing, in Adobe After Effects. It took about eight hours to render, but that's because every frame has keying, lighting, camera, and motion blur effects, and because the original footage of me was in 4.6k lossless. Yes, the sound of the black box working is the sound of a microwave (it's the one in my kitchen). Also, those aren't faked desktop screenshots, I had to install a copy of Windows ME to make this. SOURCES: "Deep Neural Networks for YouTube Recommendations", https://research.google.com/pubs/archive/45530.pdf [PDF] — some people are saying this link 404s, but it works for me? Search for the title and you'll find it. There's a good layperson summary of the paper here: http://www.tubefilter.com/2017/02/16/youtube-algorithm-reverse-engineering-part-ii/ The Defamation Act is published under the Open Government License 3.0: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3/ and is available at http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2013/26/contents/enacted The music in the cartoon section is called 'Ukulele Beach', and it's in the YouTube audio library. REFERENCES: There are a lot of references and in-jokes in here, and hopefully people will spot most of them in the comments. But if anyone wants confirmation: yes, there are references to Billy Joel, Aqua, a He-Man remix, and Elton John. The last one's pretty obscure, well done to you at home if you got that. VFX breakdown and references explained: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6s9aGt2Lkgw ABOUT ME: I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 885456 Tom Scott
The Jelling Stones, thousand-year-old Viking runestones, sit in the town of Jelling in Denmark. They tell the tale of Harald Bluetooth: one of the first kings of Denmark. Here's why his name is on your phone. I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo Sources for this video: http://en.natmus.dk/historical-knowledge/denmark/prehistoric-period-until-1050-ad/the-viking-age/the-monuments-at-jelling/the-jelling-stone/ http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/697 http://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1269737&page_number=2 (written by Jim Kardach himself!)
Views: 791531 Tom Scott
Inuktitut syllabics are brilliant. A writing system that's not an alphabet, but something really clever: an abugida, one designed from scratch for a language very unlike anything European. [Pull down the description!] Context and history: https://www.noslangues-ourlanguages.gc.ca/collaborateurs-contributors/articles/inuk-eng.html https://thediscoverblog.com/2015/06/11/aboriginal-syllabic-scripts/ I'm here because of Chris Hadfield's Generator Arctic - go check out everyone else who was on the trip, and have a look at tickets for their show at Massey Hall, Toronto, on November 12th! http://generatorevent.com Thanks to Kataisee Attagutsiak (ᑲᑕᐃᓯ ᐊᑕᒍᑦᓯᐊᖅ) for proofreading this script! She helped put Inuktitut into Unicode, so she's something of a language hero. The fellow travellers at the end are Norm and Joey from Tested, who'll put together videos from inside the ship! http://www.youtube.com/user/testedcom Also on the voyage: Ben Brown - https://www.youtube.com/user/benbrown100 - who's been putting out daily vlogs of his experiences! TimToTheWild, who's putting together beautiful footage: https://www.youtube.com/user/TimtotheWild Elmo Keep is writing about the people we met: http://twitter.com/elmo_keep PLUS: These folks took incredible photos: Vivienne Gucwa: https://www.instagram.com/travelinglens/ Paul Colangelo: https://www.instagram.com/paulcolangelo/ Simone Bramante: https://www.instagram.com/brahmino/ AND: writing an album on board, singer-songwriter Danny Michel: https://www.youtube.com/user/dannymichel I'm at http://www.tomscott.com/ on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as @tomscottgo
Views: 1030737 Tom Scott
Remember Heartbleed? Well, this is probably worse. Here's a (somewhat simplified) explanation of what Shellshock actually is. Don't worry: I haven't included instructions on how to actually exploit it. The moral of the story is: keep your security patches up to date!
Views: 755673 Tom Scott
http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - The Falkirk Wheel sits between Edinburgh and Glasgow, in the southern parts of Scotland, and it's the world's only rotating boat lift. There's some very clever design going on here -- and some physics that goes all the way back to Ancient Greece.
Views: 597294 Tom Scott
In the URL of each YouTube video is the 11-character video ID, unique for each video. Can they ever run out? Just how many videos can YouTube handle? To work it out, we need to talk about counting systems, and about something called Base 64. Want to know how the single camera shot was done? "Matt Bought a DJI Osmo and It's Surprisingly Good" is today's video over on the Park Bench: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dyy41yAs8nc I'm at https://tomscott.com/ or on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott or on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott or on Instagram as tomscottgo. Filmed by Matt Gray, who's at http://mattg.co.uk or @unnamedculprit on basically everything everywhere.
Views: 2013729 Tom Scott
One comma can make a lot of difference. Language is ambiguous -- but in some very specific ways. Here's how. Written with GRETCHEN MCCULLOCH: http://gretchenmcculloch.com - http://twitter.com/GretchenAMcC More from Gretchen at ALL THINGS LINGUISTIC: http://allthingslinguistic.com - http://twitter.com/AllThingsLing BONUS LINK: Garden Path Sentence Shirts: http://allthingslinguistic.com/post/118396390957/garden-path-sentence-shirts-a-story Directed by MATT GRAY: http://mattg.co.uk - http://twitter.com/unnamedculprit And more from me: http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott
Views: 410166 Tom Scott
http://tomscott.com - @tomscott - Welcome to the Kelston Toll Road: Fed up with a 14-mile diversion caused by a landslip, businessman Mike Watts has taken a £300,000 risk and set up his own private toll road. It costs £2 for cars to travel the 400 metres -- which is slightly less than the cost of the petrol to take the detour. And the odd thing is this: despite the Kelston Toll Road not being approved by the local council, Mike is still on the right side of the law. Many thanks to Mike Watts and the team at the Kelston Toll Road: they can be found on Twitter at @KelstonTollRoad and, obviously, between Bath and Kelston on the A431!
Views: 1366453 Tom Scott
As far as I can find, no-one has actually made a International Standard Cup of Tea - ISO 3103 or BS 6008 - for the internet before. Lots of people have talked about it, but that's easy. Making one? That requires precision... and some specialist equipment. You can buy a professional tea tasting set from this Amazon UK affiliate link: https://amzn.to/2qfbxyr Thanks to Morag Hickman for letting me borrow her workshop for last-minute filming! She makes beautiful jewellery, like ring-keepers, dragon necklaces and rings that looks like ocean waves: https://etsy.com/shop/Errant Update: someone has found an earlier ISO cup of tea on the internet, as part of a German video on tea tasting: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=utwwkNkNgiM I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 585711 Tom Scott
http://tomscott.com/ - @tomscott - Twitter was set up to support 140 characters. And in the English alphabet, that's easy to understand: a character is a letter, number, space or punctuation mark. People more or less agree with computers there. And if it was twenty years ago, that's exactly how the system would work. That far, no further. But now, we have Unicode.
Views: 629902 Tom Scott
Near the village of Hanbury is RAF Fauld. Once it was a munitions dump: now it's a crater. Here's why. (I'm indebted to authors, archivists and aerial crews for this video: here's a full bibliography and list of image credits!) DOCUMENTS AND PHOTOS: All historical photos and documents shown are from the National Archives, references AIR 17/9-14, HO 186/2772-2773, and are Crown Copyright released under the Open Government License: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3/ NUCLEAR TEST VIDEO: Operation Cue (1955), by the US Federal Civil Defense Administration, is in the public domain and available at https://archive.org/details/Operatio1955 AERIAL FOOTAGE: Specially filmed by a team from Coptercam: you can see their behind-the-scenes vlog at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l9uAekAsKRY ! BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jones, T. (1988). The Great Fauld Explosion. Staffordshire Studies, 1. McCamley, N. (2004). Disasters Underground. Barnsley, South Yorkshire: Pen & Sword Military. NOTES: "Brass chisels can cause sparks" is a summary of the inquest's findings. For those in the comments, here's the full version: "in all probability the work of chipping out the C.E. [composition explosive] Exploder from a 1,000 lb M.C. bomb, using a brass chisel, was the cause of the explosion. It is known that C.E. will explode easily if struck between brass and steel surfaces". In this context, 'brass chisels can cause sparks' does make sense! The inquest looked at all the available evidence and judged that to be by far the most likely explanation (and the only one that made sense given all the facts). I'm at http://tomscott.com on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo And if you've read this far, I'd like to add a quick note: I love it when I get to actually research things for a video. For the first time, I went to the British National Archives, and got to handle original documents from the 1940s. It felt like quite a privilege to be able to read the first person accounts, and to look at photographs and documents that have been sealed away for years.
Views: 695658 Tom Scott
I'm at the top of Mount Evans, more than 14,000 feet - 4.3km - above sea level. This is definitely a mountain: but why doesn't the smaller summit next to it also count? Let's talk about prominence. (Just not for too long, I'm getting low on oxygen.) I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 627378 Tom Scott
Victor Gruen is, according to history, the man who invented the shopping mall... but that wasn't quite what he was aiming for. And it seemed like an appropriate day to do a video about suburban sprawl -- happy Independence Day, America! I'm at http://tomscott.com on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott and on Instagram and Snapchat as tomscottgo
Views: 653657 Tom Scott
http://tomscott.com - @tomscott - Buffer exploits are one of the basic bugs of computer science. They're responsible for glitches in games, for all sorts of viruses and exploits, and any number of technical disasters. Here's the basics of how they work, and a non-technical breakdown of Heartbleed, this week's rather startling attack.
Views: 472102 Tom Scott
This is a collaboration with the Royal Institution! Go check out their video here: https://youtu.be/sScrtGdKmho -- Perpetual motion machines are badly named. And impossible. But that hasn't stopped a lot of people trying to build them. Sure, you could try and argue physics: but there's a more common-sense reason why free energy's not coming any time soon. I'm at http://www.tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram and Snapchat as tomscottgo
Views: 804412 Tom Scott
There's a reason that a lot of planets in American science fiction look the same: they're all filmed in the same places. But why those particular locations? It's about money, about union rules, and about the thirty-mile zone -- or as it's otherwise known, the TMZ. Wikipedia on Vasquez Rocks: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_productions_using_the_Vasquez_Rocks_as_a_filming_location Camera: Matt Gray http://www.mattg.co.uk/ I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 822615 Tom Scott
http://tomscott.com - @tomscott - Out in the countryside near Canterbury, on the London to Ramsgate line, there's a strange level crossing - one that requires human effort. It's strange what railway history leaves us with. (Thanks to @quixoticgeek on camera duty!)
Views: 657761 Tom Scott
Some languages have longer words than others -- but that's not just a simple choice. There's a lot of different ways to mix up morphemes, even if they all mean the same thing in the end. Written with GRETCHEN MCCULLOCH: http://gretchenmcculloch.com - http://twitter.com/GretchenAMcC More from Gretchen at ALL THINGS LINGUISTIC: http://allthingslinguistic.com - http://twitter.com/AllThingsLing BONUS LINK: Typology illustrations! http://allthingslinguistic.com/post/50939757945/morphological-typology-illustrations-from Directed by MATT GRAY: http://mattg.co.uk - http://twitter.com/unnamedculprit And more from me: http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott
Views: 495722 Tom Scott
http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - Despite its reputation as being a Traffic Circle of Hell, Swindon's Magic Roundabout -- like the couple of other "ring junctions" in the UK -- is a triumph of road design. Here's why it works so well. For more information on this, its small number of siblings across the country, and why popular opinion's still against it, have a look at its CBRD entry: http://www.cbrd.co.uk/articles/the-magic-roundabout/
Views: 806804 Tom Scott
http://tomscott.com - @tomscott - Why do we say "Ye Olde"? Why is "Menzies" pronounced "Mingis"? To find out, we have to go back into history. Filmed at YouTube Space, London, and directed by Matt Gray (http://mattg.co.uk - @unnamedculprit)
Views: 547210 Tom Scott